System Administration

Configuring a Machine for Day-to-Day Operation


Fundamentals of System Administration

Adding User Accounts

You can easily add and configure user accounts via the Control Panel, under the option User Accounts. "Windows 7 and Windows Vista allows you to have multiple users sharing the same computer under their own individual accounts. This allows each individual user to have their own location on the computer where they can store their personal documents, pictures, videos, saved games, and other personal data. This also allows the owner of the computer to assign certain accounts the ability to perform administrative tasks like installing software, while limiting other user's abilities." (See this tutorial for details.)

Configuring File Permissions

One of the exercises in the System Administration component of our Certificate III course was changing who can view certain files. This is how to do it:

  1. In Windows Explorer, right-click the file or folder you want to work with.
  2. From the pop-up menu, select Properties, and then in the Properties dialog box click the Security tab.
  3. In the Name list box, select the user, contact, computer, or group whose permissions you want to view. If the permissions are dimmed, it means the permissions are inherited from a parent object. (

These permissions can be adjusted as necessary depending on whom you want to read, write or execute certain files or programs.

Windows Diagnostic Tools

For each of the Microsoft Windows diagnostic tools below, I shall briefly outline its purpose and use; and then, provide instructions on how to run the tool.

© 2016-2020 Leo Coroneos
Certificate IV in Information Technology
South Regional TAFE, Albany WA Australia