Configuring a Machine for Day-to-Day Operation
Fundamentals of System Administration
Adding User Accounts
You can easily add and configure user accounts via the Control Panel, under the option User Accounts. "Windows 7 and Windows Vista allows you to have multiple users sharing the same
computer under their own individual accounts. This allows each individual user to have their own location on the computer where they can store their personal documents, pictures, videos,
saved games, and other personal data. This also allows the owner of the computer to assign certain accounts the ability to perform administrative tasks like installing software, while
limiting other user's abilities." (See this tutorial for details.)
Configuring File Permissions
One of the exercises in the System Administration component of our Certificate III course was changing who can view certain files. This is how to do it:
- In Windows Explorer, right-click the file or folder you want to work with.
- From the pop-up menu, select Properties, and then in the Properties dialog box click the Security tab.
- In the Name list box, select the user, contact, computer, or group whose permissions you want to view. If the permissions are dimmed, it means the permissions are inherited from a
parent object. (https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb727008.aspx)
These permissions can be adjusted as necessary depending on whom you want to read, write or execute certain files or programs.
Windows Diagnostic Tools
For each of the Microsoft Windows diagnostic tools below, I shall briefly outline its purpose and use; and then, provide instructions on how to run the tool.
- System information
- The purpose of the system information tool is to display information on the hardware components of the computer.
- Go to Run and type in "msinfo32," then press Enter.
- Device Manager
- Shows all components that are connected to the computer, and allows the user to disable, uninstall or update driver software.
- Type "Device Manager" into the search bar, then press Enter.
- Event Viewer
- "Event Viewer is a component of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems that lets administrators and users view the event logs on a local or remote machine." (Wikipedia)
- Type "Event Viewer" into the search bar and press Enter.
- Windows Task Manager
- "Windows Task Manager enables you to monitor the applications, processes, and services currently running on your PC. You can use Task Manager to start and stop programs and to stop
processes, but in addition Task Manager will show you informative statistics about your computer's performance and about your network."
- Press CTRL + ALT + Delete on the keyboard and select "Start Task Manager" from the list of options.
- Performance Monitor
- "Performance Monitor is a simple yet powerful visualization tool for viewing performance data, both in real time and from log files. With it, you can examine performance data in a
graph, histogram, or report." (https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749115%28v=ws.11%29.aspx)
- Type "Performance Monitor" into the Windows search bar and press Enter.
- System Configuration Utility
- "MSConfig (officially called System Configuration in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10 Microsoft System Configuration Utility in previous operating systems) is a
system utility to troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows startup process." (Wikipedia)
- Type "MSConfig" into the Windows search bar and press Enter.
2016-2020 Leo Coroneos
Certificate IV in Information Technology
South Regional TAFE, Albany WA Australia